Ball Valve Design Features
The stem is made separately from the ball Spring plus graphite type anti-static device
with integral T-type round shoulder, installed is appliedbetween the ball, stem and body, to
internally from body side, retained by body to keep the electrical continuity between all the
assure sealing safety at all pressure. metallic components,andensurethe resistance
lower than the most severe service requirement.
Fire Safe (Fire Safe Ball Valve)
a) External leakageprevention
All the possible external leakage point between stem and body, body and adapter are made with primary O- ring seal and secondary graphite packing or gasket seal.When fire burned out the primary O-ring seal, the secondary graphite packing/gasket seal still can prevent the process medium without external leakage.
b) Internal leakageprevention
When fire burned out the primary soft seat seal, the upstream medium pressure push the ball to downstream against the secondary metal seat lip to shut off the process medium and prevent internal leakage through the valve bore.
All valves are designed and manufactured with ISO 5211 top mounting, for 2” & larger cast floating ball valve, actuator can be directly mounted on the valve.
Environment Friendly Valve
Accurate machining of stem and body sealing surfaces with double sealing (O-ring primary seal plus graphite packing seal), and dish spring live loaded ensure the low emission complying with the most severe pollution- control regulations. The test certifications are available on request.
The ball is fixed by trunnion (size 4”& smaller) or trunnion support (size 6” & larger), and the seat rings are floating, free to move against the ball along the valve centerline. The trunnion / trunnion support together with bearings adsorb the side load created by the pressure acting on the ball. At low pressure, the seat tight sealing is ensured by the preload of the springs acting on the seat rings. Along with the pressure increasing, the process medium pressure pushes the seat rings against the ball to provide additional load for tight sealing.The ball and stem are independent with each other to minimize the effect of the side thrust generated by the pressure acting on the ball.
Ball Seat Alignment
Mechanical stops are equipped on all valves to ensure the ball is never to be over rotated.
When valves are used under high pressure gas applications, e.g. hydrocarbon gas service under class 600lb and above, the gas may be absorbed into the molecular structure of elastomeric O-rings. If the valve is subjected to sudden decompression, the O-rings may be destroyed by the rapidly expanded gas. To avoid this possibility, special AED O-rings or Lip seals, suitable for such service conditions, are available on request.
Environment Friendly Valve
Accurate machining of stem, gland and body sealing surfaces with double sealing (O-ring primary seal plus graphite gasket seal) ensure the low emission which is complying with the most severe pollution-control regulations. The test certifications are available on request.
Standard seat design is primary soft seal, and secondary metal to metal seal. Seat insert is designed as pressed-in type which is easy for maintenance.(Fig. 1) Optional design with primary metal to metal seal and secondary soft seal seat design is also available upon request.(Fig. 2)
a) Standard: Single Piston Effect Seats (Self Relieving Seats)
Medium pressure, both upstream and downstream, creates a resultant thrust to the seat rings against the ball to assure tight sealing; Medium pressure acting in the body cavity creates a resultant thrust to push the seat rings away from the ball. The single piston design permits the automatic release of any over pressure in the body cavity when the valve is in the fully open or fully closed position. (Fig. 3, 4)
b) Option 1: Double Piston Effect Seats
Medium pressure, both upstream and downstream as well as in the body cavity, creates a resultant thrust that pushes the seat rings against the ball. Valves with double piston effect seat rings require a cavity pressure relief device to reduce the build-up of over pressure in the body cavity. (Fig. 5, 6)
c) Option 2: Combination Seats
Combination seats design is available on request. That is a standard seat design used for upstream side and a double piston effect seats design used for downstream. The advantage is it can reach double piston effect seats design function without cavity pressure relief device to saves the cost, meanwhile only need a little care to install valve per flow direction arrow. (Fig. 3, 6)
Double Block and Bleed (Double Block and Bleed Ball Valve API 6D)
When the ball is in the closed position, each seat seals off the process medium independently at the same time between the up/down stream and body cavity; it allows bleeding of the trapped cavity pressure (DBB) through drain or vent valve. The double block and bleed function makes it possible to flush the valve under pressure and verify that the seats are sealing properly.(Fig. 7)
Blow-out Proof Stem
The stem is made separately from the ball with integral T-type round shoulder, retained by gland. (other designs are available on request).(Fig. 8)
Anti-static Device (Anti-static Ball Valve)
Spring plus graphite type antistatic device are appliedbetween the ball, stem, gland flange and body, to keep the electrical continuity between all the metallic components, and ensure the resistance lower than the most severe service requirement.(Fig. 8)
a) External leakage prevention
All the possible external leakage point between stem and gland flange, gland flange and body, body and adapter are sealed with primary O-ring then secondary graphite gasket. When fire burned out the primary O-ring seal, the secondary graphite gasket seal still can prevent the process medium from external leakage.(Fig. 9)
b) Internal leakage prevention
When fire burned out the primary O-ring seal between the floating seat ring and adapter, also the seat insert between seat ring and ball, the secondary graphite seal between seat ring and adapter, and seat ring & ball metal to metal contact preloaded by spring will minimize the internal process medium leakage. (Fig. 10, 11)
Emergency Sealant Injection System
Each valve of size 6” and larger (or smaller size on request), is equipped with sealant injection located at stem and seats area. The injection is integrated with check valve to provide backup sealing, also a check valve is equipped at front of seat sealant injection to avoid blowing out in case wrong operation. When the soft sealing materials (seat inserts and o-rings) are damaged and leakage happened by fire or other accident, the sealant can be injected through the injection fittings.(Fig. 12)
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